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What does Ibid mean – and how do you know what source it is referring to?

List of cited works in back of a book I read has Ibid listed several times. What is that and there are 5 references above the first Ibid is it referring to one of those?

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Gene B

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It’s abbreviated Latin “ibidem” which means “previous.” And it refers to the citation immediately above.. So if you have 5 ibids in a row, they all refer to the source immediately above the first one.

It basically means use the same reference as above

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